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Discussion Starter · #1 ·

There is and always will be confusion about some of our common saltwater sharks. The most common mistake made is between the carpet sharks and the ground sharks.

Order: Carpetsharks (Orectolobiformes)

This order consists of the following families and species:

Family Brachaeluridae (Blind sharks)
Genus Brachaelurus
Blind shark, Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) [1]
Genus Heteroscyllium
Bluegray carpetshark, Heteroscyllium colcloughi (Ogilby, 1908) [2]

Family Ginglymostomatidae (Nurse sharks)
Genus Ginglymostoma
Nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum Bonnaterre, 1788
Genus Nebrius
Tawny nurse shark, Nebrius ferrugineus Lesson, 1831
Genus Pseudoginglymostoma (proposed family Pseudoginglymostomatidae)
Short-tail nurse shark, Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum Günther, 1867

Family Hemiscylliidae (Bamboo sharks)
Genus Chiloscyllium
Arabian carpetshark, Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980
Burmese bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
Bluespotted bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum Pellegrin, 1914
Grey bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
Hasselt's bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium hasseltii Bleeker, 1852
Slender bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Whitespotted bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Bennett, 1830)
Brownbanded bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
Genus Hemiscyllium
Indonesian speckled carpetshark, Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Hemiscyllium galei Allen & Erdmann, 2008[1]
Papuan epaulette shark, Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967
Hemiscyllium henryi Allen & Erdmann, 2008[1]
Epaulette shark, Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Hooded carpetshark, Hemiscyllium strahani Whitley, 1967
Speckled carpetshark, Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843

Family Orectolobidae (Carpet sharks)
Genus Orectolobus
Orectolobus parvimaculatus
Orectolobus floridus
Orectolobus halei Whitley, 1940.[2]
Orectolobus hutchinsi Last, Chidlow & Compagno, 2006.[3]
Tasselled wobbegong, Orectolobus dasypogon (Bleeker, 1867) [3]
Japanese wobbegong, Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906 [4]
Spotted wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) [5]
Ornate wobbegong, Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883) [6]
Northern wobbegong, Orectolobus wardi Whitley, 1939 [7]
Western wobbegong, Orectolobus sp. A
Genus Sutorectus
Cobbler wobbegong, Sutorectus tentaculatus (Peters, 1864) [8]

Family Parascylliidae (Collared carpet sharks)
Genus Cirrhoscyllium Smith & Radcliffe in Smith , 1913
Barbelthroat carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913 [9]
Taiwan saddled carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium formosanum Teng, 1959 [10]
Saddle carpetshark, Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara, 1943 [11]
Genus Parascyllium Gill , 1862
Collared carpetshark, Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888 [12]
Rusty carpetshark, Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911 [13]
Ginger carpetshark, Parascyllium sparsimaculatum Goto & Last, 2002 () [14]
Necklace carpetshark, Parascyllium variolatum (Duméril, 1853) [15]

Family Rhincodontidae (Whale sharks)
Genus Rhincodon
Whale shark, Rhincodon typus

Family Stegostomatidae (Zebra sharks)
Genus Stegostoma
Zebra shark, Stegostoma fasciatum

Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)

This order consists of the following families and species:

Family Carcharhinidae (requiem sharks)

Family Hemigaleidae (weasel sharks)

Family Leptochariidae (barbeled houndshark)

Family Proscylliidae (finback cat sharks)

Family Pseudotriakidae (false cat shark)

Family Scyliorhinidae (cat sharks)

Family Sphyrnidae (hammerhead sharks)

Family Triakidae (hound sharks)

By looking at these two very different orders of sharks you can clearly see that the banded bamboo is in fact not a cat shark nor is it related.

I hope this helps some people with shark questions or anyone who have been mislead by false info commonly found on the internet. This website is a good one. If you have a shark, interested in getting one, or just want to learn new stuff I suggest having a look at this site. Shark Foundation - Foundation for research and the preservation of sharks

1,148 Posts
Thanks for your post, this should help with some of the confusion about this premier predator

318 Posts
me i love the Nurse shark you can get them use to feeling your hand when your feeding i just love how they come up to your hand and rub there back on it lol grat post +1
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